All countries struggle to develop the effective educational systems and organize the whole procedure of many-stage learning process with the best possible outcome in the form of the intelligent nation. More and more often you can hear about the Finnish educational system. Apparently, educational system in Finland attracts a lot of attention lately and is often discussed due to astonishing results it gives in the world educational ratings.
So what makes the Finnish educational system outstanding and not like other in different countries? Let’s find out this and some other interesting facts about Finnish schools you should know.
The national educational strategy includes only general notions for arrangement of the educational process. Studying at Finnish schools is free of charge. State provides schoolbooks, copybooks, basic writing equipment and pays for children’s nutrition. Only 10% of the best graduators of the pedagogical colleges, possessing at least Master Degree, can become teachers at the Finnish schools. Teachers spend usually four hours in the classroom per day, two hours pro week are devoted for professional growth and improvement. According to statistic there are fewer pupils for one teacher in Finland in comparison to New York.
Children go to school at the age of seven. Also at six they can go to the preparatory classes, but this is optional. At junior school pupils receive no home tasks, pass no exams and receive no grades. Starting with the fourth grade children are given grades from four to ten, where four is extremely bad and ten means exceedingly well. Finnish schools do not separate pupils according to their achievements. All pupils go to one class and nobody emphasizes their grades. Finnish schools offer pupils to write a lot of essays and think pieces, in such a way motivating them to develop their own opinions, ideas and means to express them. Finnish pupils have first places in the world in math, nature study and reading. Also they study English from the third grade and choose optional language being in the fourth grade, including Swedish from the seventh grade.
Pupils in Finish schools feel comfortable and free. Thus, they are allowed to wiggle, giggle and slough from time to time. Since children have a lot of energy and it is hard for them to sit for a long time without any actions, Finns made a great breakthrough by giving their kids more freedom in the class. Feeling comfortable and behaving more natural, most of kids will not treat school as routine or punishment. Another great thing is that a child is dipped into the educational process gradually. Thus, besides having no grades and home tasks, pupils at junior school have a lot of breaks, which total time equals to 75 minutes.
93% of people in Finland have received higher education and approximately 66 % of students study at higher educational institutions (which is the highest rate in Europe). Higher education in Finland is very appreciated not only in the country but in the whole Europe, so being a graduator of one of the Finnish higher educational institutions; you can have a lot of work offers from successful firms and enterprises. They have Bachelor, Master and Ph. D degrees. To receive Bachelor degree one should undertake 3-4 years academic program and two more years to obtain Master degree. Finland starts to develop an opportunity for foreign students to receive education by introducing some programs in English. These are some Bachelor and Master programs, but they are few and still the Finnish predominate at the universities.
For sure, Finnish educational system is very peculiar and interesting mechanism. However, any educational system is directed on the learning process and its successful accomplishment in spite of social discrepancies in the society. Indeed, we can say that according to all ratings and overviews the Finns know what they are doing and they have a lot that can be shared and took as a pattern of improvement by other educational systems.